Children need good vision for the normal growth and development. Poor vision can affect the psychological development of child. A poor vision can show in a child as:
- Lack of attention
- Poor educational performance
American Academy of ophthalmology and American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology has developed guidelines for the eye examination for the children to diagnose and treat the eye disorders in time. The guidelines can be viewed at https://www.aao.org/eye-health/tips-prevention/children-eye-screening. In summary a child needs an eye examination:
- Newly born: At the time of birth
- Infant: At the age of 6-12 months
- Pre school at the age of 3-3½ years
- On school admission or when a problem is suspected
Seek immediate eye examination of the child in following conditions:
- A white shade in the middle of the pupil of eye.
- Jerky / pendular eye movements.
- Continuous tearing.
- Abnormally large black part (Cornea) in one or both eyes.
- Any asymmetry in two eyes.
Common eye diseases of childhood:
- Amblyopia or Lazy eye
- Cataract or cloudy lens at birth
- Birth defects in eyes
- Glaucoma as a birth defect
- Cloudy cornea
- Squint or Deviated eyes or Cross eyes
“IF YOU SEE A WHITE SHADE / REFLEX IN ONE OF THE CHILD’S EYE IT REQUIRES URGENT CONSULTATION SINCE A DELAY COULD BE LIFE / SIGHT THREATENING”
Cross eye or Squint
WHITE REFLEX / LEUCOCORIA
a white shade or reflex is noticed in the center of the black part of eye. It can be due to:
- Cataract at birth
- Cancer of retina
- abnormal development of inner part of eye
- infections of the eye